Vascular skin lesions are abnormalities on the skin surface that are caused by capillaries, veins, or arteries of the skin. The blood vessels of the skin take various forms, sizes, and colors to give an abnormal change in the skin texture.
It may occur in the skin as birthmarks or can be formed later. Genetic susceptibility, hormone variations, environmental factors, trauma, and some medical conditions may cause vascular skin lesions. Common vascular skin lesions, their symptoms, causes, and method of treatment are explained here.
Types Of Vascular Skin Lesions And Treatments For Them
Different forms of vascular skin lesions have different symptoms and respond best to different treatments. In order to properly identify and treat vascular skin disorders, dermatologists and other medical professionals must have a thorough understanding of the various types of lesions that can occur on the skin.
Learn about the several forms of vascular skin lesions that can be found in a clinical setting, as well as the alternatives for treating them.
Hemangiomas are an overgrowth of blood vessels that is red or purple in color. These raised projections on the skin are benign in nature. Even though Hemangiomas are common at any age, it is considered to be vascular skin lesions in infants.
The cells on the skin that lined blood vessels are affected here in the form of noncancerous tumors. It can be seen as a pink color in the first stage and may grow faster. Complications like bleeding and infections are common when it comes to infants.
The color, texture, and growth of the lesion can be different. Healthcare providers may suggest various modes of treatment as per the situation. Topical beta-blockers and topical antibiotics can be used.
Propranolol and Prednisone are the common oral medications suggested by doctors. People also opt for surgery and laser treatment for hemangioma as it gives them a faster and more effective recovery.
? Telangiectasia Or Spider Veins
Here, red or purple colored lines are seen on the skin surface due to dilated blood vessels. It can be seen commonly around the nose and cheeks. Weakness of veins or physical damage caused to the vein can be considered as the cause.
Spider veins are most visible on the legs and face. Even though the lesion won’t cause any negative impact, it affects aesthetic concerns. Lasers are the common method to treat spider veins. The result is likely to be seen immediately after the treatment.
? Cherry Angiomas
Cherry angiomas are vascular skin lesions caused by dilated capillaries. Small, bright red bumps are developed on the trunk or limbs. Aging is considered to be an important factor in developing them. These moles are noncancerous.
People do not opt for treatment as it does not cause any concerns. There are cases in which the moles bleed or get infectious. Dermatologists suggest electro-surgery or burning, cryotherapy or freezing, and laser treatment for Cherry angiomas.
? Venous Lakes
Venous lakes are developed due to sun exposure and it is a big aesthetic concern as it usually develops on lips, ears, and other areas where we get sun exposure. Blood got pooled in dilated veins to form venous lakes.
They usually appear as soft and compressible lumps on the sun-exposed areas of skin, commonly on the lower lip. It is common in elderly people and can be seen at any age. Dermatologists usually suggest surgical excision, laser therapy, cryotherapy, and infrared coagulation to treat it.
? Pyogenic Granulomas
Pyogenic Granulomas are formed after a local tissue injury. These easily bleeding bumps are polyp-like masses that are usually red in color which is common in children and conceiving women. Pyogenic Granulomas can be formed on the fingertips and mouth.
Even though it will vanish on its own, doctors suggest treatment to avoid complications. An incision with a margin of normal skin is the commonly adopted method.
? Port-Wine Stains
Port-wine stains are reddish or purple flat patches in the skin. These are birthmarks that are caused by an abnormal formation of blood vessels. Most of the cases it persists throughout life.
Even if they are pink in color during the birth it becomes harder in the immediate future. Nowadays, we have effective treatment plans for Port-wine stains. Laser therapies are considered to be the most effective method as they help in fading the color gradually.
? Spider Angiomas
Spider angiomas look like spider’s legs as there is a central red spot with many small blood vessels radiating outwards. The face, neck, and upper part of the body are the common places where you can see them.
It usually develops due to any dysfunctions of the liver or hormonal imbalance. It forms just beneath the skin’s surface. There is no cure for Spider angiomas. It can be disappeared on its own. Healthcare practitioners usually suggest treating the condition that causes Spider angiomas.